Hazel and Don Javier Aragorri be one of the most prestigious in the Spanish army at the time of the uprising against Napoleon's generals. He managed to defeat General Dupont at the Battle of Bailen on July 19, 1808, thus becoming the first European general who could defeat an army of Napoleon.
The April 22, 1758 born in Madrid in a family that enjoyed great favor at the court of Charles III, which was worth it to be named captain of infantry at the age of ten years. To validate such honorary position, had to validate his appointment studying Noble Seminary of Madrid. Subsequently he completed studies at the Academy of Mathematics of Barcelona. In 1774 he joined his regiment as Captain Savoy Grenadiers. At 22 in 1780 took part in the blockade of Gibraltar, and the following year, under the command of the Duke of Crillon, participated in the conquest of Menorca being promoted to Lieutenant Colonel.
The summer of 1782 fighting boldly in the fourth attempted siege of Gibraltar , and four years later , he moved to Oran , where he " fought against the Moors " until the Treaty of September 1791 Spain abandoned the land that had belonged since 1509. Subsequently, Brown distinguished himself in the defense of Ceuta and promoted colonel , getting the command of the Regiment of Africa, which fought against the French between 1793 and 1795 in the Western Pyrenees . In his heroic defense of Monte San Marcial is seriously wounded when a bullet penetrated below the ear, difficult terrain at the end of a very steep hill , even for someone in good physical condition , but his men , encouraged by the loyalty to his boss, resolved to go lying on the ground standing on the shoulders of each other and thus to reach the position of the injured and thus passing it to lower it on their bodies to a more accessible area . In gratitude to this action, donned the uniform Hazel Regiment Africa the rest of his days. Her courage would also rewarded with promotion to Brigadier in October 1793 , although the war ended with the use of Field Marshal , obtained in February 1795.
After the war by the Treaty of Basiela, at 37, and with the use of Brigadier, is exiled to Badajoz for expressing unfavorable judgments about Godoy.
In August 1800 contributed to reject your orders troops to the landing of the English in the vicinity of El Ferrol. In October 1802 he was promoted to lieutenant general and took the Command of the Campo de Gibraltar and there I had to disassemble two outlandish projects Godoy: seize, at the instigation of adventurous Sunday Badia, several places in Morocco and with the direct collaboration of former inmate Juan Solano and "a contingent of prisoners from the prison in Ceuta" reconquer Gibraltar.
In 1808 Hazel was meant in the Campo de Gibraltar, and from April maintained secret contacts with the British Governor of Gibraltar, Sir Hew Dalrymple, who requested military and economic aid in the case of open conflict against the French. On May 26, received a message from the Board of Sevilla to join the uprising , which he did immediately by him and his 9,000 men to the orders of the same . The Board appointed him commander in chief of a makeshift army was framed and instructed in a few weeks with regular and volunteer troops . With this army managed to defeat General Dupont at the Battle of Bailen on July 19, 1808 , thus becoming the first European general who could defeat an army of Napoleon. In that victory contributed mightily Spanish general Teodoro Reding and the Marquis de Coupigny , but it must be admitted that the plan of operations as resounding victory was conceived by Hazel , who , moreover , he scolded have been left after idle for three weeks , a fact that facilitated the withdrawal behind the Ebro river to the French armies of Valencia, Madrid and Castilla La Nueva , including King Joseph Bonaparte and his court. But the truth is that Hazel obeyed the instructions of the Board of Sevilla , who deemed timely pursuit of the enemy, for the garrisons of the Andalusian region were not adequately avitualladas , and " the need to remain watchful of the 20,000 French surrendered Bailen .
What's great victory achieved, Hazel received the use of Captain General.
In 1810 he was appointed member of the 1st Council of Regency. In 1811 he took command of V Corps, stationed in Extremadura. In 1812 he was also given command of the VI and VII Army Corps; these three bodies joined the IV Corps at the end of the war.
After the war, Brown was named Captain General of Catalonia, where repressed the liberal ruling of Luis Lacy (1817) and signed his death warrant. In 1820 resigned to get the Liberal Triennium (1820-1823).
Called constitutional triennium ended in October 1823, with the resentful Hazel health took refuge in the residence of his friend the Duke of Infantry, in Guadalajara, then returned to Madrid and finally settled in Bailen, instead legitimate glory.
In September 1832, the seriously ill Fernando VII, Hazel was appointed Captain General of New Castile and subsequently relinquished that office for the presidency of the Council of State, where he summoned the Cortes swore as Princess of Asturias to the Infanta Isabel.
In July 1833, Fernando VII granted the title of Duke of Bailen and the death of the monarch following September 29, by order of his will, was one of eight members of the Governing Council to advise the Queen Regent Maria Cristina . His advanced age -75 years in 1833 - explains that during the First Carlist War was not responsible military positions of importance. However, proclaimed a Royal Charter, Martinez de la Rosa, Brown served as president of the Estate of Peers. He was appointed senator for Catalonia in 1837 and in 1838 he succeeded Agustín Argüelles as tutor of the future Queen Elizabeth II and her sister the Infanta Luisa Fernanda to the coming of age of the first. A year later, he assumed command of the Royal Corps of Halberdiers and the French government awarded him the Legion of Honor in Great Cruz grade.
At age 92, Queen Elizabeth II conferred the title of Marquis of Portugalete and died unmarried, covered with glory and honor, at age 94, the September 29, 1852, ten days after the death of his friend and colleague the Duke of Wellington. Buried in the Pantheon of Illustrious Men of Madrid until 1963, the year in which their remains are Bailen solemnly transferred to and deposited in the Church of the Incarnation in original mausoleum. The General Brown rests in the city of his glory with Zocueca Virgin, patroness of Bailen, which was very devoted and he donated his military decorations in 1823.