Church "La Encarnación"

Occurs its opening on November 16, 1504, by the Bishop of Jáen Don Alonso Suárez de la Fuente del Sauce, and attended from the Counts of Bailen; Don Rodrigo Ponce de León and Doña Blanca Sandoval until the last of his subjects in a day of celebration and partying by that event.

Located inside the old castle Bailen old parish dedicated to St. Andrew and St. Gertrude was; as successor to the same the new Church of Our Lady of the Incarnation stands at a new site located in the urban fabric.

A little History

igl encarnacionWe are facing the most emblematic building of local architecture, made of red sandstone rock cut into stones and started its construction in the fifteenth century the canons of the style known as Catholic Monarchs or Elizabethan, corresponding with the trends set in other Gothic churches province as are the San Ildefonso de Jaén, Santiago de Andújar or La Concepción de Lopera.

Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque together in this church declared a Historic Artistic Monument on May 2, 1983.

Outdoor Emphasized the importance of solid buttresses mixtilineal molduración with Tower octagonal structure topped by a conical ornament on a square belfry to smaller size.

Both the northern front and west respond to what traditionally has been called Gothic style, dominating the facade for its elegance, south and being marked by lexicography, structure and visual theatricality of the Baroque while integrating Renaissance resources and Mannerist .

About cajeadas jambs great arch rises marking the space of this majestic home. Two pairs of Corinthian columns on pedestals reopen several arches to show iconographic program in the central tympanum, where the incarnation of the Virgin accompanied by allegorical figures such as the strength and justice appear.

The bottom is decorated with grotesques and vegetal forms causing a feeling of relief and chiaroscuro Renaissance trend clearly.

Special mention both the diversity of shields located in this architectural work as the six sundials have been scattered throughout the parish. In the basement of this building we find the XVI century catacombs, ancient cemetery, and where it is believed that the grave of the heroine of Bailen, María Bellido be found.

Housed inside the old high altar or chapel of the Virgin of Zocueca (Patroness of Bailen), thanks to a huge financial effort by the people that brought together sixty thousand real, could well see this desire fulfilled, inaugurated on 5 August 1914, the feast of the patron of Bailen.

Some years later would become ashes along with former altar following the Civil War. In 1959 a new altar would rise in sandstone and limestone we see today.

Besides being able to admire the image of the patron saint, the Virgin of Zocueca, we will be able to enjoy San Dimas sculpture seventeenth century, which has long been attributed to the school of Alonso Cano.

The mausoleum with the remains of Don Francisco General and Maroon Aragorri, Duke of Bailen and Marqués de Portugalete remain in this church since 1963, at which time he trasalado Bailen from the Pantheon of Illustrious Men of Madrid.

Where to visit. Virtual Tour

If you visit, you may do so from 9:00 to 12:00 in the morning and from 17:00 to 18:00 in the afternoon. For more information, contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., or telephone: +34.953.678.394.





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