The Consequences of the Battle of Bailen


Consecuencias de la Batalla de BailénPost-Surrender of Bailen days, the surrender of the French army before the troops of General Brown was a historical fact that became official six days later in Madrid, through the presence of Caiptán De Villoutreys who carried a copy of the signed document by Hazel and Dupont. As a result, Joseph I, the brother of Napoleon and who gave the rights after the abdication of Bayonne of kings Charles IV and his son Ferdinand VII.

"This damn war in Spain was the first cause of all my misfortunes of France all the circumstances of my disasters related to this fatal knot. Destroyed my moral authority in Europe, compounded my difficulties, opened a school for English soldiers. damn .. this war has lost me "

Napoleon at St. Helena.

Bailen had numerous consequences.

  • Psychologically originated a new hope, a huge enthusiasm overall than increased further to know the resistance shown by the people of Zaragoza and Girona. Until then, every kingdom, every city or town had reacted to the beat of the circumstances with an eminently defensive tendency, resisting the invader. From Bailen began to think of the need for the existence of a single power, observed by all who govern in the name of Ferdinand VII and instead directed the war would bring together and coordinate efforts so far dispersed. The solution was the creation of the Central and Governing Junta of the Kingdom.
  • Militarily, the failure of Dupont pitched marked the first defeat of a Napoleonic army and materially, the surrender of 20,000 imperial soldiers. Strategically, Bailen opened the way to Madrid, causing Joseph I had to retreat to Vitoria for their safety. On July 29 knew the attacker bitter new king, and 30 left the Madrid Court, followed by 31 with the rear Moncey quarterback to settle in Miranda de Ebro, near which 60,000 French concentrated. On 1 August the enemy completely free breathing Madrid; entered it 13 General D. Pedro González Llamas with troops Valencia and Murcia, and 23 as effected by Hazel Atocha door with Army Reserve division of Andalusia, being received with the corresponding joy. Imperial also raised the siege they had put Zaragoza.

Consecuencias de la Batalla de Bailén

This retreat was spread joy among Spaniards to believe Bailen was repeatable and could win only with courage and patriotism, conventional war against Napoleon patriots. The joy of victory lasted a few months. Immediately, Napoleon decides to avenge the insult, it takes charge of his Grand Armée, with about 250,000 men in seven army corps, formed a formidable mass crash. The initial idealism that came with victory at Bailen to get expel the French invaders of our fields became a reality after a six-year war.

To Bailen, this victory was a series of awards at national and international level. The first came from the hand of the Supreme Central Boards to grant the title of "Very Noble and Loyal" in 1809, and was confirmed in 1813 by Ferdinand VII. A member of the Corporation existing at the time as well as the neighbors, mostly women, children and elderly who participated in that hot day attending the Spanish army in their needs, risking their lives, they were honored with gold medal, with the motto "By Value and Loyalty".

In 1850, he was awarded a Bailen, the range of City and to the cities of over 10,000 inhabitants are forced to place the name of Bailen one of its three main streets, honor granted by Queen Elizabeth II at a time in which a historical review of the War of Independence by French and Spanish is performed essentially analysts.


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